JCR manuscripts are judged not only on the depth and scope of the ideas presented but also on whether they can be read and understood by our readers.
Please read the journal to familiarize yourself with the types of manuscripts we publish. Our subscribers have varied backgrounds, so gear your manuscript to an interdisciplinary audience.
Review the instructions on this page before you submit your manuscript. If you have any questions, please contact the editorial office.
- Proofreading and Copyediting
- Author Anonymity
- Author Note
- Manuscript Length
- Manuscript Content and Formatting
- Manuscript Title
- Contribution Statement
- Abstract and Keywords
- Web Appendix
- Prior Related Submission to JCR
Proofreading and Copyediting
Proofread your manuscript carefully before submission and consider hiring a copyeditor. Ensure all comments among authors have been removed, all tracked changes have been accepted or rejected, and that the “track changes” feature has been turned off.
If you need professional assistance preparing your manuscript for submission (English-language copyediting, general writing, and language or translation issues), consider the following:
Note: These are merely suggestions and use of these professional editing services does not guarantee publication. Your university might have a list of trusted editorial specialists as well.
It is your responsibility to obtain all necessary permissions for figures and other third-party content included in your manuscript or web appendix prior to acceptance.
Oxford University Press (OUP), provides detailed guidelines to help authors determine when permission is needed to use third-party content and answer common questions pertaining to the process of obtaining permissions. See OUP’s Rights and permissions guidelines for authors or contact OUP with questions regarding permissions.
Do not identify yourself or your university affiliation in your manuscript during the review process. However, author names should not be omitted from the references (if applicable).
In the methods sections, where data collection and participant pools are discussed, use terms such as “large public university” instead of the name of the specific institution where data were collected.
If you are including links to study pre-registrations or other online content, make sure the webpage at the link is completely anonymized and the URL does not identify authors or institutions.
Do not include the author note or the data collection paragraph in the manuscript file during the review process (these items must be entered during Step 6 of the submission process and will only be visible to the editor and associate editor).
If your manuscript is accepted for publication, the final version should be updated to include identifying information that was omitted during the review process.
Enter your author note during Step 6 of the submission process and do not include it in the manuscript file during the review process. The author names and order listed in the author note should match the author information added to the system (during Step 4 for new submissions and Step 5 for revisions).
Denote the corresponding author and provide the following information for each author:
- Full name
- Email address
- Current position
- Current affiliation (department and university/institution)
- Acknowledgments of financial, technical, or other assistance
Verify the order of author names and update the author note with each revision. The author note provides the journal with an authorship record for each submission (as contact and affiliation details listed in ScholarOne user profiles may change later).
If the manuscript is based on the lead author’s dissertation, the author note should state this (and should not state that all authors contributed equally to the article) if the article is to be considered for the Ferber Award.
See our sample author note.
Authors should strive for economy and clarity when preparing manuscripts for JCR. The contribution to knowledge relative to the length of the manuscript is a key criterion in the editorial review process.
Although the typical manuscript submitted to JCR ranges from 35 to 40 double-spaced pages, shorter manuscripts are also welcome.
The total number of pages may not exceed 60 pages (this includes the title, contribution statement, abstract, main text, appendixes, references, tables, and figures). A separate web appendix file may be submitted and does not count toward this limit.
Manuscript Content and Formatting
The manuscript file must include the following items in the following order:
- Manuscript Title
- Contribution Statement (for new submissions only)
- Abstract and Keywords
- Main Text
- Appendixes (if applicable)
- Tables and figures should be placed within the main text during the review process (do not upload separate files with tables and figures).
- Do not include the author note or the data collection paragraph in the manuscript file during the review process.
- If you are also submitting revision notes or a web appendix, these must be submitted as separate files.
The manuscript must adhere to the following formatting requirements:
- Upload your file in Word, Rich Text, PDF, or LaTeX format.
- Use US Letter size (8.5″ x 11″) and one-inch (2.54 cm) margins on all sides.
- Use Times New Roman 12-point font, single-column format, and portrait orientation.
- The contribution statement (for new submissions only), abstract, main text, and references must be double spaced and left justified (i.e., aligned with the left margin).
- References should have a half-inch (1.27 cm) hanging indent.
- Do not number headings.
- Add an extra double space before and after primary or secondary headings.
- Add an extra double space before tertiary headings.
- Do not include a running head, endnotes, underlining, or line numbering (the system will number lines during file conversion).
- Do not number the pages (the system will number pages during file conversion).
If you need assistance formatting your manuscript, please consult your university support staff.
Enter your manuscript title during Step 1 of the submission process (Step 2 if you are submitting an invited revision). It must also be included in the manuscript file (before the contribution statement).
- The title entered into ScholarOne MUST match the title in the manuscript file.
- Use title case (also referred to as headline case).
- Keep your title concise and clear (many titles can be shortened).
- Use descriptive terms and phrases that accurately highlight the core content of the manuscript.
Titles are an important mechanism for drawing a wide variety of potential readers to your manuscript if it is accepted. Online indexing databases and search engines such as Google Scholar and Web of Science use titles to categorize and display articles, and the title may therefore influence whether scholars will read an article. A well-constructed and informative title should make your article discoverable to a larger number of scholars, which could lead to more citations.
JCR titles follow Chicago Manual of Style rules on headline style capitalization:
- Capitalize the first and last words.
- Capitalize all other major words.
- Lowercase articles (the, a, an).
- Lowercase coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).
- Lowercase prepositions regardless of length except when they are used as adverbs or adjectives.
Every new submission must include a contribution statement (maximum of 300 words). Enter your contribution statement during Step 6 of the submission process. It must also be included in the manuscript file (double spaced and placed before the abstract)
Your contribution statement will be shared with the entire review team. The purpose of the contribution statement is for you to provide a clear and concise understanding of the primary contribution provided by your manuscript. Your contribution statement should:
1) clearly articulate the ways in which the research provides insight to a consumer-relevant question;
2) situate your research within the existing knowledge on the topic; and
3) explain what the research adds to what is already known about the consumer-relevant problem
- Do not reveal author identities in your contribution statement.
- The contribution statement entered into ScholarOne MUST match the contribution statement in the manuscript file.
- Do not include a contribution statement when submitting an invited revision.
- Contribution statements will not appear in published articles.
See our sample contribution statements.
Abstract and Keywords
Enter your abstract (maximum of 200 words) during Step 1 of the submission process (Step 2 if you are submitting an invited revision). It must also be included in the manuscript file (double spaced and placed after the contribution statement), followed by a list of three to six keywords in a separate paragraph.
Your abstract should substantively summarize your manuscript and address the following:
- The abstract entered into ScholarOne MUST match the abstract in the manuscript file.
- Do not include any citations, tables, or figures in your abstract.
- Do not include any information that is not in your article.
- Write in the third person (avoid using “I” or “we“).
- Be concise; avoid expressions such as “we found that consumers…” (i.e., omit “we found that…” and just write “consumers…” instead).
- The abstract should contain enough information about your manuscript to allow potential reviewers to judge whether they have enough expertise to review the manuscript; the abstract should also be engaging enough for them to want to review it.
In crafting your abstract, recognize that JCR is an interdisciplinary journal and we aspire to being read and cited by scholars in a wide variety of disciplines. In most cases, the title and the abstract are the only part of an article that scholars will see in online indexing databases and search engines such as Google Scholar and Web of Science; a well-constructed and informative abstract should make your article discoverable to a larger number of scholars, which could lead to more citations.
Make the writing in your abstract accessible, so that the importance of your article will be transparent to a wide variety of scholars. Include terms and descriptions that will allow your article to be found by scholars interested in your theories, substantive findings, and methods. For instance, a manuscript investigating processing style by comparing adults across the age span should reference both the relevant theories of processing and the operationalization through age, such that scholars with either interest would be drawn to the work.
See our sample abstract.
Do not number your headings. You may use up to three levels of headings:
- Primary Headings: all-caps, centered, bold, with an extra double space before and after
- Secondary Headings: capital and lowercase letters, flushed left, with an extra double space before and after
- Tertiary Headings: capital and lowercase letters, indented, italicized, punctuated with a period, with an extra double space before the heading; the text follows on the same line
See our sample manuscript which includes sample headings.
We strongly discourage the use of footnotes. If you use footnotes, they should appear at the bottom of the given page (not to be confused with endnotes, which appear at the end of the manuscript and are not allowed at JCR).
Create notes that are linked to the text using the footnote function on your word processor so that the footnotes are automatically and accurately renumbered when you make changes.
Tables must be included in the main manuscript file and placed within the body of the manuscript during the review process.
See our sample manuscript which includes sample tables.
Note: If your manuscript is accepted for publication, the typesetter will require an editable version of each table.
Figures must be included in the main manuscript file and placed within the body of the manuscript during the review process.
High-resolution images are not required during the review process, and authors are strongly encouraged to include lower-resolution images in order to reduce the manuscript file size and streamline uploading and downloading. If your manuscript is accepted for publication, separate figure files will be required and higher-resolution images can be submitted at that time.
- Axes: Label both vertical and horizontal axes. The ordinate label should be centered above the ordinate axis; the abscissa label should be placed flush right, beneath the abscissa. Place all calibration tics inside the axis lines and their values outside the axis lines. If the junction of the axes is zero, there should be only one zero.
- Error Bars: When graphing means, the inclusion of error bars is optional. However, if error bars are reported, they must be the 95% confidence interval.
- Labels: Number each figure. Figure labels must be centered and typed in all capital letters.
- Legends: Legends should be placed horizontally, if possible, either in an appropriate white space in the figure or centered beneath the figure.
- Lines: Clearly differentiate lines within figures. Variations include bold line, fine line, broken line, dotted line, etc. Lines within the figure should be identified by either a legend or a short description in a note.
- Notes and Source Lines: Notes and source lines appear at the bottom of the table or figure, indented and aligned to the left. Descriptive information in addition to any notes should be placed above the notes, paragraph indented.
- Space: When boxes are used to delimit text or freespace drawings in figures, white space inside boxes should be kept to a minimum.
- Titles: Each figure must have its own descriptive title, centered and typed in all caps.
- Typefaces: Use only sans serif typefaces (e.g., Helvetica, Arial) in figures. Lettering on all figures must be professional in appearance and large enough to be easily read when reduced to actual size.
See our sample manuscript which includes sample figures.
If manuscript appendixes are provided, they should begin on a new page before the references. Multiple appendixes are labeled with letters (Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.). A single appendix is labeled without the letters (Appendix).
Manuscript appendixes must follow all manuscript formatting guidelines (exceptions include stimuli, instruments, and other content that is included in its original form).
See our sample manuscript which includes sample manuscript appendixes.
Each reference should be cited in the text at an appropriate place. Do not include references that have no corresponding citations in the text, and be sure that you have provided the complete reference for every in-text citation.
- Author names should be left in the references (if applicable).
- There must be a reference for every citation and a citation for every reference.
- References must be double spaced with a half-inch (1.27 cm) hanging indent.
Authors are encouraged to submit a supplementary document (i.e., a web appendix) containing stimuli, instruments, replication studies, or additional information not contained in the manuscript. The web appendix should include supplements or enhancements only (not content integral to the article).
Upload the web appendix as a separate file during the submission process:
- Select the “Web Appendix” file designation during File Upload (Step 2 for new submissions and Step 3 for revisions).
- Select “Yes” when prompted during Step 6.
- Upload only one web appendix file containing all supplementary materials.
- The web appendix will be included (after the manuscript) in the system-generated anonymized PDF that is provided to reviewers.
- Your web appendix must follow our manuscript formatting guidelines (exceptions include stimuli, instruments, and other content that is included in its original form).
- See our recommendations for including content in Excel files containing many columns or worksheets or media files.
- Include the manuscript title and a brief paragraph describing the contents of the web appendix.
- Mention the web appendix in-text where relevant (e.g., “See the web appendix for additional details”).
- Multiple web appendixes are labeled with letters (Web Appendix A, Web Appendix B, etc.). A single web appendix is labeled without the letters (Web Appendix).
- Do not include author names or other identifying information in your web appendix during the review process (it will be shared with the entire review team).
- If you are including a link to your data or other supplementary materials, make sure the webpage at the link is completely anonymized and the URL does not identify authors or institutions.
- If your manuscript is accepted, the web appendix will accompany the online version of your article and can include any materials that are not appropriate for the print version because of space constraints.
Do not upload Excel files containing many columns or worksheets (these files may not convert properly to PDF). If you would like to share data in a complex Excel file with reviewers, we recommend one of the following options:
- Convert the Excel file to PDF and upload the PDF instead (make sure the formatting is correct after conversion).
- Remove identifying properties from the Excel file, upload it to the cloud (e.g., Dropbox) or an open-access data repository (see Nature’s list of suggested repositories), and provide a link in the manuscript or web appendix (make sure links are anonymized and work after conversion).
Do not upload audio or video files (all files shared with reviewers must convert to PDF format). If you would like to share media files with reviewers, we recommend one of the following options:
- Embed the content within the manuscript or web appendix.
- Upload the media files to the cloud (e.g., Dropbox) or a data repository (see Nature’s list of suggested repositories) and provide a link in the manuscript or web appendix (make sure links are anonymized and work after conversion).
Prior Related Submission to JCR
If your manuscript is not an invited revision but you have submitted a version of the manuscript previously (e.g., the revision deadline expired, the editor provided a “straight reject” or “desk reject” decision) or there is significant overlap with one of your prior submissions to JCR, the following applies:
- The paper must be submitted as a new manuscript.
- You must explain the relationship between the new submission and the prior submission in your confidential cover letter to the editor.
- You must also provide the previous manuscript number (regardless of the editor’s previous decision).
- If you would like to submit revision notes (not required):
- Provide the revision notes in a separate file.
- Choose the “Supplementary File NOT for Review” file designation during Step 2 of the submission process.
- This file will only be accessible to the editor and associate editor and will not be shared with reviewers.